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Make batch scripts in Linux


This is a tutorial about how to create simple batch scripts in linux console. I will use “/home/” as my root folder. It can be applied on any folder.

First, I’ll Create a file known as “mybatch”, if the file does not already exist. If the file already exists the accessed / modification time is updated for the file mybatch

touch /home/mybatch

Then, give the created file permissions to write to it, and modify its content, through the famous chmod. 
For permissions information: I suggest to See help about chmod.

chmod 755 /home/mybatch

Finally, edit our file. I had a problem with my web server running Nginx and FastCGI, so I needed to stop both services, kill all remaining running processes, then start them back on. 
I use VI tool for editing in linux. 

vi /home/mybatch

A little about VI command:

  • Press  i  to edit current line
  • Press  Esc  to exit editing mode
  • Press  dd  to delete current line
  • Press  ZZ  to Save changes and exit
  • Type  :q!  to exit Without saving changes

Terminate session:

  • Use command: ZZ
    Save changes and quit.
  • Use command line: “:wq”
    Save (write) changes and quit.
  • Use command line: “:w”
    Save (write) changes without quitting.
  • Use command line: “:q!”
    Ignore changes and quit. No changes from last write will be saved.
  • Use command line: “:qa”
    Quit all files opened.

Remember to hit “Esc” to exit editing mode anytime. Use it before executing any of above commands.

Here is a great start to Know more about VI command

A sample of my batch script:

  1. /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx stop
  2. /usr/local/etc/rc.d/ stop
  3. killall -9 php-cgi
  4. /usr/local/etc/rc.d/ start
  5. /usr/local/etc/rc.d/nginx start

Screenshot of VI command

Don’t forget about user permissions for running your commands.


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